I subscribe to PIB India and request for updates of news from many Ministries. It helps me to critique and write about them on Twitter as Shadow Cabinet/ Shadow Ministers.
I saw this in my email box today. Skill Development is a subject close to my heart. Some close friends and associates are in this Sector and aligned with few Sector Skills Development Councils promoted by NSDC India. I am quite appreciative of their efforts in Skills gap analysis, identification of entry level jobs, creating job descriptions, getting NOS approvals, creating curriculum and setting up a PPP model of Training and Certification which leads to imparting of Employable skills to the Youth and helping them get jobs.
I have personally seen the Skills developments in IT Sector, Security, Construction Industry, Healthcare, Logistics, Soft Skills and English Language ( not sure that's the official name) where I knew people, had / have friends and being a Referee to few of them I had the honour of being interviewed by NSDC auditors doing Due diligence on some of them.
The Plan (Yojana) document in brief is shared below as shared by the PIB India. My comments, Critique, suggestions follow after the EndQuote.
Quote" Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana--- A New Direction Towards Empowerment of Youth
In any country, youth is primarily the focus for any program for skill development. Our country is better placed in this regard. We have a vast majority of population in the productive age group. This provides a great opportunity to India. It also poses a great challenge. Benefits will flow to our economy only if our population, particularly the youth, is healthy, educated and properly skilled. Skill and knowledge are the two driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. Countries with higher level of skills fare better to cope with the challenges of emerging economies in the present day world.
India with its an un-rivalled youth demographic, is definitely poised for a big boost in terms of socio-economic development. We have 605 million people below the age of 25. They can act as agents of change, by being empowered with variousemployable skills which will enable them to make impact not only on their lives but also on the lives of other individuals.
The recently approved Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), is a flagship scheme for imparting skill training to youth, focussing on improved curricula, better pedagogy and trained instructors. The training includes soft skills, personal grooming, behavioural change et al.
The scheme is being implemented by the newly created Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). It will cover 24 lakh youths. The Skill training would be based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards. Under the scheme, a monetary reward is given to trainees on assessment and certification by third party assessment bodies. The average monetary reward is around Rs.8,000 per trainee.
The skill training will be on the basis of demand assessed by the recentlyconducted skill gap studies by the NSDC for the period 2013-17. The central and stategovernments, industry and business houses will be consulted for assessment of further demands. For this, a demand aggregator platform is also being launched. The target for skill development will also take into account the demands from various other flagship programs launched in recent times such as Make in India, Digital India, National Solar Mission and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
The PMKVY, will primarily focus on the first time entrants to the labour market and target mainly drop outs from Class 10 and Class 12. The scheme will be implemented through NSDC training partners. At present, NSDC has 187 training partners in around 2,300 centres. In addition, central and state government affiliated training providers are also to be roped in for imparting training under the scheme. All training providers will have to undergo a due diligence process, for being eligible under the scheme. Sector Skill Councils and the state governments are also to monitor skill training program under PMKVY.
Under the scheme, a Skill Development Management System (SDMS), will be put in place to verify and record details of all training centres, quality of training and courses. Biometric system and video recording of the training process will also be ensured wherever possible. Trainees will also be required to give feedback which willbe the key element for the evaluation of the effectiveness of the PMKVY scheme. A robust grievance redressal system will also be made operational to address grievances.Further,an online citizen portal will be put in place to disseminate information about the program.
Out of the total outlay of Rs.1120 crore, on skill training of 14 lakh youth, special emphasis is being given to recognition of prior learning. An amount of Rs.220 crore is being provided for this purpose. Rs.67 crore has been earmarked for awarenessgeneration and youth mobilisation. Mobilisation of youth is to be done through SkillMelas at the local level with the help of state governments, municipal bodies, pachayatiraj institutions and community based organisations. Another Rs.67 crore has been provided, under the scheme on mentorship support and placement facilitation. An allocation of Rs.150 crores has been made for training of the youth from the North-East region.
Skill and entrepreneurship development is one of the high priority areas of the present Government. The newly formed Ministry of Skill and Entrepreneurship Development, is to play a critical role in fulfilling the objectives of the ‘Make in India’campaign, a major initiative to turn India into a major manufacturing hub. The Ministry is to play a pivotal role in creating a skilled workforce to meet the demands of growing economy in different sectors including the manufacturing sector.
A new National Policy for Skill and Entrepreneurship Development has also emerged to cover the entire gamut of initiatives in this direction. The Policy is to lay a roadmap for boosting growth creating quality manpower. It has set a target for skilling 500 million persons by the year 2022.
The efforts in this direction, is being carried on a mission mode. The National Skill Development Mission, an umbrella body, has three institutions under it. The National Council on Skill Development-under the chairmanship of Prime Minister, is to give policy direction and review skill development efforts. The National Skill Development Coordination Board, under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman NITI Aayog is to enumerate strategies to implement the decisions of PM’s council. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), a non-profit company, is to meet the skill training requirements of the labour market including the unorganised sector.
India has marked its presence as one of the fastest growing economies of the world. It is expected to rank amongst the world’s top three growth economies and amongst the top three manufacturing destinations by 2020. With the help of favourable demographic factors and sustained availability of quality workforce, our country ispoised to make its imprint on global economy.
The newly announced scheme, PMKVY, with its thrust on skill development to build human capital for future markets is sure to reap benefits for our economy. The new Policy and a Mission mode approach to deliver results will usher in a new era in the development of human resources and industry.
*Ms. Archana Datta is currently Freelance writer and former DG, DD News and DG, NSD (AIR). (PIB Feature) Email: - featuresunit@gmail.com himalaya@nic.in SS-310/SF-310/ 1.04.2015 YSK/ Uma" End Quote.
My views:
1. Being an Ex-Corporate person, I look at the numbers closely. 2.4 Million People to be trained at a cost of Rs 8000 per person translates to 1920 Crores. May be, some one goofed up or at the last minute the CFO of the Government - the FM made some cuts and put the numbers as mentioned in the Press Report.
Quote" Out of the total outlay of Rs.1120 crore, on skill training of 14 lakh youth, special emphasis is being given to recognition of prior learning. An amount of Rs.220 crore is being provided for this purpose. Rs.67 crore has been earmarked for awarenessgeneration and youth mobilisation. Mobilisation of youth is to be done through SkillMelas at the local level with the help of state governments, municipal bodies, pachayatiraj institutions and community based organisations. Another Rs.67 crore has been provided, under the scheme on mentorship support and placement facilitation. An allocation of Rs.150 crores has been made for training of the youth from the North-East region." End Quote - The Slip is showing and in a Corporate life a presenter would have dreaded for his job/ life if he/she had to present such numbers which don't even add up !
2. There are 605 Million Youth in India as per this document under the Age of 25. Obviously, the Ministry or the PM in whose name this Plan(?) is floated - has not Time bound program to cover all of them as there is no mention in the Press Report above that the Skill Gap Analysis by Skills Ministry / NSDC has thrown up only 2.4 Million Youth as Un-employable for want of Skills and hence they will be covered. As is the wont of Indian Bureaucrazy - the socalled Plan ( Yojana) is not a SMART GOAL as it does not show WHO, WHAT, WHEN and by which time these Youth will be trained and will get employment.
3. There is a mention of 500 Million Youth though
Quote " The Policy is to lay a roadmap for boosting growth creating quality manpower. It has set a target for skilling 500 million persons by the year 2022. " End Quote.
So someone in a hurry has forgot to explain what would be the fate of nearly 105 Million Youth under the Age of 25 for who the government has no Plans ( Yojana) and will they be employed, become entrepreneurs or be unemployed Youth?
IMHO, if 21 Sector Skills Development Councils have not created enough Employable skills, Employment and the new plans and the numbers look 'wonky' there is a need to do a Re-think.
IMHO - There are 5 Key Areas:
1.Women / Home Makers - All that talk of 'Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas' - or Inclusive growth will not happen if the Women power of the country is not skilled to either gain employment or become entrepreneurs and earning members of the family.
2.Baby-boomers/ Silent Generation/ Retiring people / People being made redundant by the ever growing Corporates who sit on Cash Piles but do not have ideas to generate new employment by deployment of these 'Free Funds' ( some of which I suspect may have come from banks with whom they enjoy the NPA status) who may require Transformational skills to either get part time work or become entrepreneurs.
3. Minorities, Scheduled Castes/ Tribes/ Dalits and Economically deprived Children / Minors and Third Gender people who have a special need to ' Learn to Fish' for becoming an earning member of their family.
4. Poor Class - Successive Governments have talked about Poverty alleviation programs but never really spent money to train/ provide skills which create employment opportunities.
5. Youth in any of the categories above 1,3 or 4. There is a need to re-align Government focus by combining or having a Super Minister overseeing the Ministries of Skills and Empowerment, Ministry of HRD, Ministry of Labour, Department of Personnel and Training, Directorate of Resettlement for Services people.
Thank you for your patience in reading thus far.