Saturday, 6 August 2016

#8 in C-Suitism is Empiricism

Empiricism: The definition and collated notes from the Web Dictionaries and other sources should help the C Suite Member to know within their teams who are followers of Empiricism.It does help.

Rationalism vs. Empiricism 

(click the link above for the source.)
First published Thu Aug 19, 2004; substantive revision Thu Mar 21, 2013
The dispute between rationalism and empiricism concerns the extent to which we are dependent upon sense experience in our effort to gain knowledge. Rationalists claim that there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience. Empiricists claim that sense experience is the ultimate source of all our concepts and knowledge.
Rationalists generally develop their view in two ways.
  • First, they argue that there are cases where the content of our concepts or knowledge outstrips the information that sense experience can provide.
  • Second, they construct accounts of how reason in some form or other provides that additional information about the world. Empiricists present complementary lines of thought.
  • First, they develop accounts of how experience provides the information that rationalists cite, insofar as we have it in the first place. (Empiricists will at times opt for skepticism as an alternative to rationalism: if experience cannot provide the concepts or knowledge the rationalists cite, then we don't have them.)
  • Second, empiricists attack the rationalists' accounts of how reason is a source of concepts or knowledge.
Empiricism
PHILOSOPHY
The theory that all knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses. Stimulated by the rise of experimental science, it developed in the 17th and 18th centuries, expounded in particular by John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume.
Tip: The C-Suite Mentors whose favorite term is "Wholistically"  or for some "Experiential Methods".

Full Definition of empiricism (Merriam Webster)


1a :  a former school of medical practice founded on experience without the aid of science or theory 1. b : quackerycharlatanry
2a :  the practice of relying on observation and experiment especially in the natural sciencesb :  a tenet arrived atempirically
3:  a theory that all knowledge originates in experience
Human Resource Specialists in C-Suite will tell you: empiricism =The view that knowledge proceeds from  experience which may be only partially true.
Briefly:

Noun : empiricism


Also found in: ThesaurusMedicalLegalEncyclopedia,Wikipedia.

em·pir·i·cism

  (ĕm-pîr′ĭ-sĭz′əm) n. 1. Theviewthatexperience,especially of thesenses, is theonlysource of knowledge.
2. a. Employment of empirical methods, as in science. b. An empiricalconclusion.
3. Thepractice ofmedicinethatdisregardsscientifictheoryandreliessolely onpracticalexperience.
em·pir′i·cist n.American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

empiricism

( ɛmˈpɪrɪˌsɪzəm) n
1. (Philosophy) philosophy the doctrine that all knowledge of matters of fact derives from experience and that the mind is not furnished with a set of concepts in advance of experience. Compare intuitionismrationalism
2. the use of empirical methods 3. (Medicine) medical quackery; charlatanism emˈpiricist nadjCollins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

em•pir•i•cism

(ɛmˈpɪr əˌsɪz əm)

n. 1. empiricalmethod or practice.
2. the philosophic doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience. Compare rationalism (def. 2).
3. unduerelianceuponexperience, as in medicine;quackery.
4. a conclusion that is arrived at empirically. [1650–60] em•pir′i•cist, n., adj.Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Personally, I prefer the BusinessDictionary.com Definition
Belief that all knowledge of matters of fact as distinct from knowledge of logical relations among assumptions or concepts is based on (or comes from) observation and experience. Empiricism relies on what piecemeal information is at hand and follows self-correcting experimentation in pursuit of greater knowledge. In general, an empiricist is described as one who looks first and thinks afterwards, as opposed to a rationalist who thinks first and looks afterwards. In management, empiricism is more applicable where a pressing need to do something precludes the possibility of a detailed analysis and full understanding of the situation.
And the Key reason I like this definition is: Most inventions emerge from empiric (observational) thinking, whereas most discoveries result from analytic or rationalistic thinking.

Read more: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/empiricism.html

empiricism

1. the doctrine that all ideas and categories are derived from sense experience and that knowledge cannot extend beyond experience, including observation, experiment, and induction.
2. an empirical method or practice. — empiricist, n. — empirical, adj. See also:Philosophy
a system of acquiring knowledge that rejects all o priori knowledge and relies solely upon observation, experimentation, and induction. Also empirism— empiricistn., adj. — empiric, empiricaladj. See also: Knowledge-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

empiricism

The view that knowledge proceeds from experience.Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited

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